Pandemic emergency purchase programme (PEPP)
The ECB’s pandemic emergency purchase programme (PEPP) is a non-standard monetary policy measure initiated in March 2020 to counter the serious risks to the monetary policy transmission mechanism and the outlook for the euro area posed by the coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak.
The PEPP is a temporary asset purchase programme of private and public sector securities. On 4 June 2020 the Governing Council decided to increase the €750 billion envelope for the PEPP by €600 billion to a total of €1,350 billion. All asset categories eligible under the existing asset purchase programme (APP) are also eligible under the new programme. Under the PEPP, a waiver of the eligibility requirements will be granted for securities issued by the Greek Government. In addition, non-financial commercial paper is now eligible for purchases both under the PEPP and the corporate sector purchase programme (CSPP). The residual maturity of public sector securities eligible for purchase under the PEPP ranges from 70 days up to a maximum of 30 years and 364 days.
For the purchases of public sector securities under the PEPP, the benchmark allocation across jurisdictions will be the capital key of the national central banks. At the same time, purchases will be conducted in a flexible manner. This allows for fluctuations in the distribution of purchase flows over time, across asset classes and among jurisdictions.
The Governing Council will terminate net asset purchases under the PEPP once it judges that the COVID-19 crisis phase is over, but in any case not before the end of June 2021. The maturing principal payments from securities purchased under the PEPP will be reinvested until at least the end of 2022. In any case, the future roll-off of the PEPP portfolio will be managed to avoid interference with the appropriate monetary stance.
Securities purchased under the monetary policy portfolios are made available for securities lending to support market liquidity and collateral availability in the market.
|Date||16 October 2020|
|* Updated weekly, at amortised cost|
|Book value as at end-September 2020 (EUR millions)||Cumulative net purchases as at end-August 2020 (EUR millions)||Monthly net purchases in September 2020 (EUR millions)||Cumulative net purchases*|
|* Cumulative monthly net purchases figures represent the difference between the acquisition cost of all purchase operations and the redeemed nominal amounts.|
|Note: Figures may not add up due to rounding. Figures are preliminary and may be subject to revision. The monthly purchase volumes are reported on a settlement basis and net of redemptions.|
The table presents the Eurosystem holdings at the end of the bimonthly period and a breakdown of the change in Eurosystem holdings.
|Changes in holdings in EUR millions||Asset-backed securities||Covered bonds||Corporate bonds||Commercial paper||Public sector securities||Total|
|Holdings* as at end-July 2020||0||3,128||17,621||34,845||384,464||440,057|
|Net purchases August-September 2020||0||0||2,707||-2,765||126,832||126,774|
|Quarter-end amortisation adjustment and redemptions of coupon STRIPS||0||-5||90||-92||-1,184||-1,190|
|Holdings as at end-September 2020*||0||3,123||20,418||31,988||510,112||565,641|
*End-of-period book value at amortised cost.
Figures may not add up due to rounding. Figures are preliminary and may be subject to revision.
Amortisation adjustments are made at the end of each quarter. The amortisation results from an accounting principle that implies that securities purchased at prices below face value have to be revalued upwards over time towards maturity, and revalued downwards over time if purchased at prices above face value. STRIPS are accounted for at the end of each month.
|Book value as at end-September 2020
|Net purchases August-September 2020||Cumulative net purchases as at end-September 2020*||Current WAM of public sector securities holdings under the PEPP**||WAM of eligible universe of public sector securities under the PEPP as at end-September 2020**|
* Cumulative net purchase figures represent the difference between the acquisition cost of all purchase operations and the redeemed nominal amounts.
** Remaining weighted average maturity (WAM) in years.
Notes: Figures may not add up due to rounding. Figures are preliminary and may be subject to revision. The purchase volumes are reported on a settlement basis and net of redemptions.
|Asset class||Asset-backed securities||Covered bonds||Corporate bonds||Commercial paper|
|EUR millions *||0||0||557||2,566||8,735||11,683||27,281||4,707|
|* End of month, at amortised cost|