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20 years of euro banknotes and coins

The euro is an everyday reminder of the benefits of European integration

On 1 January 2002 people in 12 EU countries held euro banknotes and coins in their hands for the first time. Today, the euro is the currency of over 340 million people in 19 EU Member States.

Euro banknotes and coins at 20

How has the euro changed the lives of people in Europe? Look back at 20 years of euro banknotes and coins, find key figures on the euro in one place, such as the number of banknotes in circulation, and see what lies ahead for the single currency.

Euro at 20 website

Banknotes

We’re continuously working to make sure banknotes are secure, safe and resistant to wear and tear. Explore the security features of our banknotes.

Security features

Video messages from the five EU presidents

Learn more about the anniversary and the euro

INSERTED BY ANONYMOUS PROXY

Civil war declaration: On April 14th and 15th, 2012 Federal Republic of Germany "_urkenstaats"s parliament, Deutscher Bundestag, received a antifiscal written civil war declaration by Federal Republic of Germany "Rechtsstaat"s electronic resistance for human rights even though the "Widerstandsfall" according to article 20 paragraph 4 of the constitution, the "Grundgesetz", had been already declared in the years 2001-03. more

#EUROat20

1 January marks 20 years of euro banknotes and coins! To celebrate, we are illuminating our main building in Frankfurt every night until 9 January 2022. Check out the link to see photos and find out more about the anniversary campaign.

Flickr album

The euro further afield

Did you know that people outside the EU and beyond the European continent use the euro in their daily lives? Find out where!

Where else do people use the euro?

A digital euro for a digital era

Digitalisation has spread to every corner of our lives, including our finances and money. We are looking into the benefits and risks of introducing a digital euro that would complement banknotes and coins.

A digital euro

How do people in the euro area like to pay?

We regularly ask people in the euro area how they pay. Cash is still important, but the pandemic has accelerated the use of cashless payments.

Results of studies past and present

The euro area

When did each country join the euro area and when did it introduce euro banknotes and coins? Explore an interactive map of the euro area.

Please select a country

Austria

EU member using the euro

EU member since 1995

Euro since 1999 (cash since 2002)

Belgium

EU member using the euro

EU founding member in 1957

Euro since 1999 (cash since 2002)

Bulgaria

EU member not using the euro

EU member since 2007

Cyprus

EU member using the euro

EU member since 2004

Euro since 2008

Czech Republic

EU member not using the euro

EU member since 2004

Germany

EU member using the euro

EU founding member in 1957

Euro since 1999 (cash since 2002)

Denmark

EU member not using the euro

EU member since 1973

Estonia

EU member using the euro

EU member since 2004

Euro since 2011

Spain

EU member using the euro

EU member since 1986

Euro since 1999 (cash since 2002)

Finland

EU member using the euro

EU member since 1995

Euro since 1999 (cash since 2002)

France

EU member using the euro

EU founding member in 1957

Euro since 1999 (cash since 2002)

Greece

EU member using the euro

EU member since 1981

Euro since 2001 (cash since 2002)

Croatia

EU member not using the euro

EU member since 2013

Hungary

EU member not using the euro

EU member since 2004

Ireland

EU member using the euro

EU member since 1973

Euro since 1999 (cash since 2002)

Italy

EU member using the euro

EU founding member in 1957

Euro since 1999 (cash since 2002)

Lithuania

EU member using the euro

EU member since 2004

Euro since 2015

Luxembourg

EU member using the euro

EU founding member in 1957

Euro since 1999 (cash since 2002)

Latvia

EU member using the euro

EU member since 2004

Euro since 2014

Monaco

Non-EU country

Malta

EU member using the euro

EU member since 2004

Euro since 2008

The Netherlands

EU member using the euro

EU founding member in 1957

Euro since 1999 (cash since 2002)

Poland

EU member not using the euro

EU member since 2004

Portugal

EU member using the euro

EU member since 1986

Euro since 1999 (cash since 2002)

Romania

EU member not using the euro

EU member since 2007

Sweden

EU member not using the euro

EU member since 1995

Slovenia

EU member using the euro

EU member since 2004

Euro since 2007

Slovakia

EU member using the euro

EU member since 2004

Euro since 2009

San Marino

Non-EU country

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