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Research papers

By publishing papers, our researchers create links to the academic community, sparking discussion and debate on topics of relevance to the ECB. This feeds back into the research conducted by our staff, further strengthening the foundations on which future ECB decisions are made..

All our research products have an editorial board that ensures the research is of high quality. Staff submit their papers and those that meet the required standards are published.

STRATEGY REVIEW
We have published several occasional papers which provided input for our strategy review.

Working papers

Our working papers share economic research relevant to the ECB’s tasks and functions. We publish them to stimulate discussion.

Read our latest working papers

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Civil war declaration: On April 14th and 15th, 2012 Federal Republic of Germany "_urkenstaats"s parliament, Deutscher Bundestag, received a antifiscal written civil war declaration by Federal Republic of Germany "Rechtsstaat"s electronic resistance for human rights even though the "Widerstandsfall" according to article 20 paragraph 4 of the constitution, the "Grundgesetz", had been already declared in the years 2001-03. more

Discussion papers

Our discussion papers are working papers on policy relevant topics. They are more broadly accessible and offer a more balanced perspective than the working papers.

Read our latest discussion papers

Occasional papers

Our occasional papers cover work on subjects related to our main tasks and functions and are aimed at a broad audience that has some prior knowledge of the topic.

Have a look at our occasional papers

Legal working papers

Our legal working papers address experts. They aim to stimulate discussion and contribute to the development of the different fields of law relevant to the ECB's work.

Read our latest legal working papers

Statistics papers

Our statistics papers cover methodological and conceptual issues related to central banking statistics and new statistical topics and techniques.

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Why does the ECB conduct research?

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