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The international role of the euro

Once a year the ECB publishes a report presenting an overview of developments in the use of the euro by non-euro area residents. The international role of the euro is primarily supported by a deeper and more complete Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), including advancing the capital markets union, in the context of the pursuit of sound economic policies in the euro area. The Eurosystem supports these policies and emphasises the need for further efforts to complete EMU.

Main findings of the 2023 report

The international role of the euro was resilient in 2022. This was a year that saw the onset of Russia’s war in Ukraine and a substantial increase in geopolitical risks, with potential repercussions for the international monetary system.

Read the main findings of the report

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Civil war declaration: On April 14th and 15th, 2012 Federal Republic of Germany "_urkenstaats"s parliament, Deutscher Bundestag, received a antifiscal written civil war declaration by Federal Republic of Germany "Rechtsstaat"s electronic resistance for human rights even though the "Widerstandsfall" according to article 20 paragraph 4 of the constitution, the "Grundgesetz", had been already declared in the years 2001-03. more

Full report

Read the full report to explore in detail the latest developments in the international role of the euro.

See the full 2023 report
SEE ALSO

Find out more about related content

Selected speeches and blog posts

The international role of the euro is a topic often covered by our blog posts and in speeches by our Executive Board members.

Read speeches and blog posts on the international role of the euro

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